SUMMER GAMES AND SUMMER GAMES II GO FOR THE GOLD IN SIXTEEN EXCITING EVENTS. Combine the events from SUMMER GAMES And SUMMER GAMES II Compete in Cycling, 100 Meter Dash, Diving, Equestrian, Fencing, Freestyle Relay, 100 Meter Relay, Gymnastics, High Jump, Javelin, Kayaking, Pole Vault, 4x400 Meter Relay, Rowing, Skeet Shooting, and the Triple Jump Complete with Opening, Closing, and Awards Ceremonies, including National Anthems of 18 Different Countries Play Against the Computer, or With Your Friends Individual and Head-To-Head Competition. One to Eight Players EPYX, Inc. warrants to the original purchaser of this EPYX software product that the medium on which this computer program is recorded is free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of purchase. This EPYX software program is sold "as is," without express or implied warranty of any kind, and EPYX is not Habile for any losses or damages of any kind resulting from use of this program. EPYX agrees for a period of ninety (90) days to either repair or replace, at its option, free of charge, any EPYX software product, postage paid, with proof of date of purchase, at its Factory Service Center. This warranty is not applicable to normal wear and tear. This warranty shall not be applicable and shall be void if the defect in the EPYX software product has arisen through abuse, unreasonable use, mistreatment or neglect. THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTIES AND NO OTHER REPRESENTATION OR CLAIMS OF ANY NATURE SHALL BE BINDING ON OR OBLIGATE EPYX. ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES APPLICABLE TO THIS SOFTWARE PRODUCT, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE LIMITED TO THE NINETY (90) DAY PERIOD DESCRIBED ABOVE. IN NO EVENT WILL EPYX BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE RESULTING FROM POSSESSION, USE OR MALFUNCTION OF THIS EPYX SOFTWARE PRODUCT. Some states do not allow limitations as to how long an implied warranty lasts andor the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages so the above limitations and, or exclusions or limitations ol liability may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state. Apple is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. and Summer Games II are trademarks, Summer Games is a registered trademark of Epyx, Inc. 1985 EPYX Inc P.O. Box 8020, 600 Galveston Drive, Redwood City CA 94063 Part Number 08903D-60 WINTER GAMES INSTRUCTION MANUAL for the Apple® Game program designed by Action Graphics, Inc. MOMENT OF TRUTH You're an athlete at the 1988 Winter Games at Calgary, Alberta, Canada. You're about to move across snow and ice with as much speed, strength, endurance and grace as you can muster in the blustery cold. This is the winter portion of the world's foremost amateur sports competition. You'll match your skills against the top athletes from a hundred countries. Be proud. Today you stand among the elite few whose courage and stamina will be tested by these WINTER GAMES. Listen. A fanfare of trumpets sounds as the WINTER GAMES flag is slowly raised. Thousands of white doves are released, symbolically to fly to the countries of the world with the message of peace-and the news that the WINTER GAMES have begun. This is it-your chance to go for the Gold! OBJECTIVES WINTER GAMES challenges your competitive skills with a series of athletic contests for 1 to 8 players. You can compete in seven challenging winter events--S&i Jump, Bobsled, Figure Skating, Freestyle Skating, Hot Dog Aerials, Speed Skating and Bia£/i/orc(cross-country skiing and rifle shooting). Practice each event first to hone your skills. Then choose from the 18 countries you can represent in the competition, and go for the gold! WINTER GAMES provides judges, keeps scores, and awards medals to the winners-the Gold for first, the Silver for second, and the Bronze for third place. If you break a "World Record," WINTER GAMES will save your name and display it on a special World Records screen. Get ready to give it your best-and remember the motto of the ancient Greek atheletes: Citius--Altius--Fortius "Faster-Higher-Stronger!" W GETTING STARTED Loading Instructions ■ Set up your Apple ® Home Computer as shown in the Owner's Manual. ■ If you are using a joystick, plug the joystick in as shown in the Owner's Manual. ■ Insert the WINTER GAMES disk into the disk drive, SIDE 1 label facing up, cutout pointing toward the back. (You will be prompted when to remove the disk to load SIDE 2.) ■ Turn ON the computer. ■ After a few seconds, the title screen will appear, then the opening ceremony will begin. STARTING PLAY Opening Ceremony A spectacular opening ceremony welcomes you to WINTER GAMES. An athlete bearing the flaming torch mounts the steps to light the sacred fire that burns night and day throughout the WINTER GAMES. White doves are released over the stadium, to symbolize peace on earth. Let the games begin! How to Play Once the opening ceremony concludes, a menu screen offers you a choice of six options. To make a selection, use your joystick to move the cursor to your choice, then press the FIRE button, use the cursor keys, or the I and M keys and press the RETURN key or SPACE BAR. OPTION 1: Compete in all the Events Compete in all seven events: Ski Jump, Bobsled, Figure Skating, Hot Dog Aerials, Freestyle Skating, Speed Skating, and Biathlon. The computer keeps a running tally of medals awarded to each player. ■ To enter your name, type your name on the keyboard and press RETURN ■ To choose your country, use the joystick, the cursor keys, or keys I and M to move the cursor to the flag of your choice, then press the FIRE button or RETURN or SPACE BAR to select that country. (To listen to the country's anthem, type S.) 1 ■ Repeat name and country selection for each additional player (up to eight). When all players' names and countries are entered, press RETURN. ■ A verification screen appears. If all names and countries are correct, select YES with the joystick and press the FIRE button, or type Y. To delete names and start again, select NO or type N . OPTION 2: Compete in One Event Similar to OPTION 1, but you only compete in the event you select. ■ Select the event by typing the corresponding numbered key, by moving the joystick and pressing the FIRE button, or pressing key I or M and then the RETURN key, or SPACE OPTION 3: Compete in Some Events Similar to OPTION 1; however, you can compete in any number of the listed events for this round of international competition. ■ Select the event(s) by typing the corresponding numbered key or by moving your joystick and presing the FIRE button. ■ The events you select will be displayed in white. ■ When you are finished selecting the events, move the cursor to the word DONE and press the FIRE button. OPTION 4: Practice One Event ■ Move the joystick to choose the event, then press the FIRE button, or type the key matching the event number, or press key I or M and then the RETURN key or SPACE BAR. No scores are kept during practice rounds. OPTION 5: See World Records Displays the highest score recorded in all events, with the name and country of the player who achieved each world record. ■ Press the FIRE button or RETURN or SPACE BAR to return to the menu. OPTION 6: Opening Ceremonies Repeats the opening ceremonies. OPTION 7: Sound to Apple Speaker/Cassette Port ■ Allows you to turn the sound off or on. Apple Speaker indicates sound on, Cassette Port, sound off. 2 THE GAMES All events in WINTER GAMES can be controlled with either the joystick, or the keyboard. Movements from the keyboard are depicted below: Figure Skating Figure Skating (Short Program) is a one-minute, timed exercise of seven compulsary movements: Camel Spin, Sit Spin, Double Axel Jump, Triple Axel Jump, Double Lutz Jump, Triple Lutz Jump, and Camel into Sit Spin. You can perform the seven movements in any order you choose. It's the grace and form of your skating that count! ■ Press the FIRE button or the SPACE BAR to start Figure Skating. ■ To begin a movement, point the joystick in the direction of the movement you want to make and press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR ■ To COMPLETE a movement, center the joystick and press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR. ■ To SKATE BACKWARD, center the joystick and press the FIRE button or press the J key and then the SPACE BAR. Joystick or Keyboard Controls: Figure Skating and Free Skating LUTZ JUMP CAMEL SPIN DOUBLE AXEL JUMP SKATE BACKWARD SKATE BACKWARD" SKATE FORWARD TRIPLE LUTZ JUMP SIT SPIN TRIPLE AXEL JUMP 3 Figure Skating Tips: AWKWARD: A movement will be judged as elegant or awkward, depending on when you press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR. If you're skating forward and "trigger" a jump when the skater's legs are in open stride, the jump will be perfect. If the skater's legs are closed, the jump will be awkward. The opposite is true if you're skating backwards: trigger the jump when the skater's legs are closed and the jump will be perfect. Practice makes perfect, so keep trying! FORWARD SKATING performers can do a Double or Triple Axel Jump or turn around and begin skating backwards. Remember: Be skating forwards when time runs out-if you're skating backwards you'll fall down! BACKWARD SKATING athletes can do a Double or Triple Lutz Jump, a Camel or Sit Spin, or turn around and begin skating forward. When you do SPINS, try to make six rotations. If you turn fewer than six times, your exit will be awkward; more than six turns will make you so dizzy and you'll fall. Don't Fall Down! You'll fall down if you try to move directly from a jump to a spin, a spin to a jump, a jump to another jump, or a Sit Spin to another Camel Spin. Skate backwards in between movements; skate forwards before you do an Axel Jump. Camel into Sit Spin: You can move directly from a Camel Spin to a Sit Spin-a very elegant combination worth 1.2 points! Figure Skating Scores You begin with a score of 0.0 The best score is 6 points. All scores are displayed in tenths. And don't worry-your score can't go below 0. After you successfully complete each Figure Skating movement, your score is added like this: MOVEMENT POINTS ruin i o Camel Spin .7 Sit Spin .7 Double Axel Jump .6 Triple Axel Jump 1.1 Double Lutz .6 Triple Lutz 1.1 Camel into Sit Spin 1.2 Total Score 6.0 ■ Total Score Penalties .7 Point penalty for each fall. .2 Point penalty for each awkward movement. Free Skating In Free Skating competition, you chose the jumps and spins, inventing your own choreography . You have two minutes to complete the program. Free Skating Scores In Free Skating, you try to make three successful attempts of the seven Figure Skating movements: Camel Spin, Sit Spin, Double and Triple Axel, Double and Triple Lutz and Camel into Sit Spin. The Judges will watch you closely in this event and calculate your maximum score based upon the number of falls and awkward movements in your routine. A smart performer will complete three attempts of as many difficult movements as possible within the two-minute time limit, to get the highest possible score. You begin with points. The Maximum score (ceiling) you can get is 6.0-no matter how high your total score. Note: If you successfully complete a fourth attempt at a movement the Judges will not credit your score. 5 Figure Skating Scores MOVEMENT POINTS EACH ATTEMPT Camel Spin .3 Sit Spin .3 (1.8 points maximum) Camel into Sit Spin .5 (1.5 points maximum) Double Lutz Jump .2 Double Axel Jump .2 (1.2 points maximum) Triple Axel Jump .4 Triple Lutz Jump .4 (2.4 points maximum) Total 6.9 (6.0 Maximum Ceiling) ■ Total and Maximum Score Penalties PENALTY TOTAL MAXIMUM Fall Awkward -.5 -.2 -.2 -.05 Note: No penalty for failing to attempt all seven movements. nt EXAMPLE: Your Total Score: 6.9 1 Fall -.5 2 Akwards -.4 Total 6.0 Maximum: 6.0 -.2 -.1 Your Final Score * 5.7 CREDITS: Only the movements completed within the two-minutes are scored. Movement attempts will be added to your score only if they're successfully completed. 6 Speed Skating Speed Skaters can move at 30 miles per hour-much faster than athletic track runners. In fact, Speed Skating champions are the fastest self-propelled human beings over level earth! In Speed Skating, two racers skate side-by-side, in separate lanes, as fast as they can go! ■ You will be skating against a computer player on the top half of the screen. Your skater is on the bottom half of the screen. Press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR on the keyboard to begin the count down. ■ When the countdown reaches "GO," begin skating by moving the joystick to the LEFT and RIGHT or pressing the keys J and K, to move your skater's legs. The trick is to make the skaters legs move back and forth as in real skating ■ Continue skating by moving the joystick back and forth or pressing J and K in rhythmic strokes to move your racer's legs. Build your natural skating rhythm faster to get up to speed-and GO FOR IT! ■ The skater with the fastest time wins the race. ■ When the race is over, press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR to begin the next event. Hot Dog Aerials This demonstration sport tests your guts, grace and precision on skis. Strive for a performance of athletic artistry as you flip through the air in a dazzling series of daredevil moves. ■ Push the FIRE button or SPACE BAR to start a jump. ■ Push the joystick in one of these six directions or press the appropriate key on the keyboard to begin a movement: Daffy I'M V ^ K«l Back Scratch Back Flip mm Land Wm Forward Flip Mule Kick uTu r m%M Swan 7 ■ To do one movement after another, move the joystick or press the appropriate key when the Hot Dog Skier is in mid-air-timing is crucial. ■ To get out of a move or begin another move push the joystick to the center (LAND) position or press the SPACE BAR. ■ Hold each movement (except the Flips) until you choose a different move. ■ Go into the landing position before you hit the ground, or you'll Fall. Scores The score is based on both style and difficulty, and is displayed after you land. The maximum is 10 points. DIFFICULTY is judged by the number of different maneuvers performed in mid-air. Any combination of movements can be mixed together for a total maximum score of 10. Combinations of different movements count for the most points. Points will be deducted for awkward movements. Watch your landing! If you fall, you won't receive a score. STUNTS POINTS 1 Stunt 6.3 1 Flip 7.2 2 Stunts (Same) 8.7 2 Flips (Same) 9.2 2 Stunts (Different) 9.6 1 Stunt and 1 Flip 10.0 2 Flips (Different) 10.0 ■ 1.4 point penalty for each awkward movement. CREDITS: Only the first attempt at each movement completed within the one minute is scored. 8 W]M Ski Jum P m '/^A Every gust of wind chills your body as you look down from J/A I the top of the jump tower to the runway far below. The '^^^^^ judges and spectators look like insects from this height. GO! Your coiled body lurches forward and suddenly you're into another world! You crouch down low, in a tucked position, to accumulate as much speed as possible. At the take-off, you leap out, push up, and lean forward, over the edge of your skis, to reduce wind resistance and increase the length of your jump. ■ Press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR to begin your approach. ■ When you reach the takeoff point, press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR again. ■ In the air, watch the upper right-hand corner of the screen for faults. Correct faults quickly to get maximum style points and distance. □ If your knees are BENT, move the joystick UP or press the I key to correct. □ If you're TOO FAR FORWARD, move joystick LEFT or press the J key. □ TOO FAR BACK, move joystick RIGHT or press the K key. □ SKIS CROSSED, move joystick DOWN or press the M key. ■ If you don't correct your faults in time, your Ski Jumper's wild antics will cause wind resistance and lose style points. Ski Jump scores are based on distance and form. DISTANCE: is based on the timing of the takeoff, and the aerodynamics of the Jumper in the air. STYLE: You'll get more points if you recover quickly from faults and don't fall. Scores Your maximum is tallied by multiplying your DISTANCE ( x ) 3 ( + ) STYLE POINTS. A respectable Ski Jump score would be a flight of 60 meters and 20 style points for a total of 200 points. 9 Biathlon ^0^k IH Race over a cross-country track on skis with a .22 caliber L| rifle slung over your shoulder. You have only a few cartridges to fire at the required targets, so steady your sights and develop an eagle eye before you fire away! ■ Press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR to start cross-country skiing. ■ Move your joystick LEFT and RIGHT or press the keys J and K to move your skier's legs in steady, rhythmic kicks and glides. ■ On LEVEL GROUND, keep up a steady pace by moving your joystick back and forth or pressing keys J and K. ■ For UPHILL terrain, move the joystick faster or press the keys faster to increase speed. ■ DOWNHILL stretches go fastest if you use the double-pole technique. Pull the joystick back or press the M key when the skier's hands are in front, to get the maximum push down the slope. ■ SHOOTING: You are issued five cartridges to shoot at five targets, and every miss is a 5-second penalty. The gun must be loaded and the shell ejected after each shot. Pull the joystick BACK or press the M key to open the gun chamber. Push the joystick FORWARD or press the I key to load the shell. Push the FIRE button or SPACE BAR to shoot. Repeat for the next shot. The skier's heart rate affects your accuracy-so cool down, and take careful aim before you fire! ■ The winner or high score is the skier with the fastest total time. Bobsled Prepare to careen down a track of solid ice-while you crouch in a precision-built machine of steel and aluminum. You'll fly around hair-raising turns, then plummet down the bumpy straightaways at speeds exceeding 90 miles per hour! ■ Press the FIRE button or SPACE BAR to begin the race. ■ Move the joystick LEFT and RIGHT or press keys J and K to guide your sled, pull BACK on the joystick or press M to brake. 10 HINTS: Steer hard! To avoid capsizing at the turns, try to anticipate the pull of centrifugal force, and steer hard in the opposite direction. Watch your speed! The power bar at the bottom of the screen shows how fast you're going. The faster you go, the harder you have to steer to keep plummetting toward the finish. Learn the course! An intimate knowledge of the course is important, so you learn the best position to take each corner. ■ The winning bobsled's score is based upon the fastest time through the tracks. SCORING Awards Ceremony After every event, the names, countries and scores of all competitors are listed in the order they placed. The name of the Gold Medal winner appears at the top of the screen, and his or her country's national anthem is played. Champion Ceremony If players compete in all WINTER GAMES events, a Grand Champion of the games is selected based on the number of points awarded. Gold Medal = 5 points Silver Medal = 3 points Bronze Medal = 1 point The points are totaled after all events have been completed, and the player with the most points is honored as the Grand Champion. The ceremony takes place after the Awards Ceremony for the final event. World Records If a world record is achieved in any event, the name of the record-breaking player is saved by the WINTER GAMES program. The records are displayed on the World Records screen. If a new record is set for an event, the previous record is erased and the new information appears in its place. Continuing Play To restart WINTER GAMES at any time, press and hold the CONTROL and RESET keys at the same time. The program will REBOOT to the beginning of the game. 11 3 HOW DID WINTER SPORTS BEGIN? Skiing, skating and sledding began centuries ago as fun and practical ways for people to move across snow and ice. Skiing The earliest skis may have existed about 4,000 or 5,000 years ago in Scandanavia. Ski bindings were invented in the 1860s by Sondre Nordheim, of Mordegal, Norway. Once skiers could slip the toes of their boots into iron pieces, then fasten their heels with straps or springs, they gained much more control of their long wooden slats-and they could move with breathtaking speed. Norwegian emigrants pioneered the sport all over the world. Skating Skating began around 1000 B.C. Before the Iron Age, Nordic people made skates from elk, ox and reindeer bones. In fact, anthropologists have discovered bone skates they believe to be at least 20 centuries old! Since the Middle Ages, people have skated on canals in Holland. Ice skating was a very fashionable recreation in the French court in the 1770s, when Marie Antoinette was an avid enthusiast. Sledding Primative sleds were used for transporation before 3,000 B.C. in Northern Europe. The American Indians tied poles together with thongs to carry loads over snow. The thrill of riding a speeding sled down a steep hill caught on in the 1500s in Germany, when people rode tobaggans over snowy hillsides. Sledding became a real sport when British and American tourists started racing sleds down snowbound mountain roads in the European Alps in the middle of the 19th Century. Bobsled races developed in the 1880s in Switzerland. 12 THE WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES The first WINTER GAMES were held at Chamonix, France in 1924, when they were accepted as a celebration comparable to the Summer Games and given the official blessing of the International Olympic Committee. Since then, the WINTER GAMES have been held at the following locations: WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES 5 Date Place inn j 1924 Cnamonix, r ranee 1928 St. Moritz, Switzerland 1932 Lake Placid, New York, USA 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany 1948 St. Moritz, Switzerland 1952 Oslo, Norway 1956 Cortina, Italy 1960 Squaw Valley, California, USA 1964 Innsbruck, Austria 1968 Grenoble, France 1972 Sapporo, Japan 1976 Innsbruck, Austria 1980 Lake Placid, New York, USA 1984 Sarajevo, Yugoslavia 1988 Calgary, Alberta, Canada WINTER GAMES Command Card For the Apple AGS™ Please read the Apple II WINTER GAMES instruction manual. This card provides instruction for any differences between the Apple II and the IIGS versions of the program. Loading Instructions • Set up your Apple IIGS computer as shown in the owner's manual. • If you're using a joystick, plug it in as shown in the owner's manual. • Insert the WINTER GAMES disk into the disk drive label side up. • Turn on the computer (or press CTRL, OPEN-APPLE, RESET si- multaneously). • After a few seconds, the title screen will appear, then the opening ceremony will begin. In the IIGS version of WINTER GAMES, you will be competing in six events (not seven). The events are: Ski Jump, Bobsled, Figure Skating, Hot Dog Aerials, Freestyle Skating, and Biathlon. Throughout the manual, wherever the SPACE BAR is mentioned, use the OPEN-APPLE key instead. Page 1 - Individual country anthems are not included in the IIGS version of the program. Page 2 - Neither Option 6 nor Option 7 are available in the IIGS version. Page 3 - In addition to the keyboard keys (as shown), you can also use the numeric key pad to control your figure or free-style skater. 1 = Triple Lutz Jump; 2 = Sit Spin; 3 = Triple Axle Jump; 4 = Skate Backward; 5 = Skate Backward; 6 = Skate Forward; 7 = Lutz Jump; 8 = Camel Spin; 9 = Double Axle Jump. (These keys work similarly on the other events.) Page 7 - There is no Speed Skating event in the IIGS version. WINTER GAMES INSTRUCTION MANUAL Game program designed by Action Graphics, Inc. Page 11 - Continuing Play To restart WINTER GAMES at any time, press and hold the CONTROL, OPEN-APPLE, and RESET keys at the same time. The program will RE- BOOT to the beginning of the game. ©Epyx, Inc. Part Number 08913D-62 WINTER GAMES INSTRUCTION MANUAL for the Apple® Game program designed by Action Graphics, Inc.